Lithium is our gold standard treatment for bipolar disorder. There are many individuals who just respond to this treatment.

Gerald A. Maguire, associate dean of graduate medical education and chair of psychiatry, on the importance of lithium-based medications for the treatment of bipolar disorder


We see increased flexibility in the area of memory skills, in the area of what psychologists call executive function.

Judith Kroll, professor of psychology, on studies into bilingualism in children, and the subsequent benefits such as executive function which is responsible for memory and other key brain strengths



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