Campus CARE Advocates Published

Courtesy

Naddia Palacios, director and advocate for Campus Advocacy, Resources & Education (CARE), alongside Karla L. Aguilar, assistant director and advocate of CARE, published a piece titled, “An Empowerment-Based Model of Sexual Violence Intervention and Prevention on Campus” in the recently released book, “Intersections of Identity and Sexual Violence on Campus.”

Most of the writers are practitioners and faculty in the field of student affairs, Palacios said.

“Our chapter was composed to inform the readers of the prevention work we created at our previous workplaces, but we are also hoping it can be used as a basic manual for institutions who are interested in building a sexual violence prevention and intervention program,” Palacios said.

Professor Publishes Review Article on Malaria Parasite

Professor Karine Le Roch

Karine Le Roch, a professor of cell biology and neuroscience, has published, along with three colleagues, a review article in the April 2017 issue of Trends in Parasitology, a highly regarded review journal reflecting the global significance of medical and veterinary parasites, that provides a concise and synthesized overview of the role of chromatin structure in gene regulation of the human malaria parasite.

Chromatin is the material of which the chromosomes of eukaryotes (organisms other than bacteria) are composed.  It consists of protein, RNA and DNA.

“Our review article summarizes recent findings made by our lab and others that demonstrate that the transitions throughout the major life cycle stages of P. falciparum are controlled at the chromatin structure levels,” Le Roch said. “The identification of inhibitors that target parasite-specific proteins controlling the chromatin structure could lead to the discovery of novel antimalarial therapies.”

The same issue of the journal includes an interview with Le Roch.

The review was supported by the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and UC Riverside.

Research Team Argues for Forums for the Poor and Underserved

Greer SullivanSchool of Medicine

To understand the perspective of communities, health services researchers often conduct focus groups by selecting key community stakeholders. Other researchers, especially political scientists, may use community forums that engage a broader swath of community members.

To compare these two approaches, a team of researchers conducted six traditional focus groups and seven forums (using Kettering’s Deliberative Democracy model) to obtain the perspectives of rural African Americans on mental health problems in their community. Both inductive and deductive qualitative analyses were used to compare the two methods.

The research team, which conducted the focus groups and forums in Jefferson County, Arkansas, reports in the Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, that researchers should consider using forums rather than focus groups when working with marginalized populations.

“The information we obtained from focus groups was not substantively different from what we learned from forums,” said Greer Sullivan, M.D., the director of the Center for Healthy Communities in the UC Riverside School of Medicine, who led the study.  “Rural African Americans appreciated the link between daily stressors and mental health and felt that stigma reduction and better mental health literacy were especially important for their community. Deliberative Democracy forums, when led by trusted local leaders, can be an excellent way to obtain data from marginalized populations, such as Jefferson County’s African American population. Forums may have the added advantage of activating grassroots community members who are particularly in tune with social determinants of health.”

About 17 percent of Americans live in rural areas, including some of the poorest and most underserved areas of the country – such as Jefferson County. African Americans make up more than half of this county’s population.  In this county, located in the Mississippi River Delta region of Arkansas and where annual per capita income is about $19,000, about 33 percent of African Americans have incomes below the poverty level.

The study – one of only a few to address mental health issues among African Americans in the rural South – was supported by grants from the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute and the National Institutes of Health.

Sullivan was joined in the study by Ann Cheney and Christina Reaves, both in the UCR Center for Healthy Communities; several researchers in Arkansas; and by the leadership of TriCounty Rural Health Network.

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